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Samuel Lucas family fonds

1882-1963, predominant 1884-1904

Physical Description:
25 cm of textual records. -- 59 photographs

Samuel Brigham Lucas, 1844-1907, was born in Aylmer, Quebec. He married Amelia F. Aylwin, ?-1918, in 1871, and they had six children. He was appointed a farm instructor by the Indian Department in 1879, and he came to the Cree reserve at Hobbema, North-West Territories. His family joined him in 1884. He served as sub-agent at the Hobbema reserve from 1883 to 1885 when the Edmonton Agency was divided into two parts. He was then appointed agent for the new Hobbema Indian Agency. In 1885 the family took refuge in Edmonton when the Riel Rebellion spread to the Agency. Lucas was transferred to the Sarcee (Tsuut'ina) Indian Agency as agent, 1891-1897, then retired to land near Ponoka. His brother, Frank A. Lucas, married Margaret Morison in 1883, and had nine children. They came west in 1884, with S.B. Lucas' family, and homesteaded near Wetaskiwin. Their daughter, Isabell Maud, 1886-1963, trained as a nurse at the Holy Cross Hospital in Calgary, Alberta, 1911-1914. She was Matron of the Wetaskiwin Hospital, 1914-1916, served overseas with the Nursing Corps during the First World War, did post-graduate work, and later worked as a travelling nurse for the Department of Indian Affairs, 1926-1945. She married Archie Smart in 1945. Thomas William Lucas, son of Sam and Amelia, farmed. Sam Lucas, 1897-1964, son of Frank and Margaret, took over the Wetaskiwin farm in 1927. For further information see E. Brian Titley's entry, "Samuel Brigham Lucas", in the Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. XIII. - Toronto : University of Toronto Press, 1994, p. 603-605.

Scope and Content:
The fonds consists of S.B. Lucas' correspondence and diaries while Indian agent (1884-1897), homestead applications and farm journal (1898-1902); Amelia Lucas' diary (1903-1904), which includes a few entries by S.B.; I. Maud Lucas' nursing certificates, military records and autobiography; Thomas William Lucas' diary (1904); Sam Lucas' reminiscences; and miscellaneous family certificates, biographical notes, newsclippings, and articles about the Wetaskiwin area.
RECORDS RELATED TO THE FOLLOWING SUBJECTS ARE ALSO IN THIS FONDS. SEE INVENTORY FOR DETAILS: Edmund F. Carey, Edgar Dewdney, A.E. Forget, Richard C. Hardisty, Rev. John Nelson, Hayter Reed, and Robert C. Talbot.

Source of Acquisition:
Gifts of Daisy Lucas, Joyce Smith, Mrs. Floyd Stretch, Mrs. N. Koch and Marianne Molyneaux, 1958-1981.

The material is in English.

Originals and Reproductions:
S.B. Lucas' correspondence and diaries while Indian agent are also available on microfilm.

No restrictions on access.

Finding Aids:
Inventory available. Please consult before requesting material.

View finding aid / scanned documents:

Other Lucas family records are held by the Provincial Archives of Alberta.

Call Numbers:
(M=manuscript; N&P=photos; R=sound recordings; S=slides; F=films)
M-698, M-699, M-700, M-1418, M-4051, M-4052, M-4686, M-5986, PA-761, PA-897, PA-1511, NA-559, NA-579, NA-1366, NA-2259, NA-4206, Microfilm-Lucas

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