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Edwards, Gardiner family fonds

1795-2000, predominant 1863-1964

Physical Description:
1.31 m of textual records. -- 781 photographs. -- 2 audio cassettes

Oliver Cromwell Edwards, 1850-1915, a medical doctor from Ontario, came to the Qu'Appelle area of Saskatchewan in 1882 as an employee of the Indian Department. He travelled to Fort Resolution in both 1900 and 1901 as part of the Treaty 8 Commission. In 1901 he was appointed the physician for the Blood and Peigan Reserves near Fort Macleod, Alberta, and he moved to Stand Off, Alberta where he resided until his death. His wife, Henrietta Muir Edwards, 1849-1931, was prominent in the women's rights movement. She was convenor of laws of the National Council of Women for 38 years. She was one of Alberta's "Famous Five" (Famous 5) who fought to have Canadian women recognized as "persons". In 1962 the Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada designated Edwards as a National Historic Person.For further information see Patricia Roome's "Henrietta Muir Edwards : The Journey of a Canadian Feminist", PhD thesis, Simon Fraser University, 1996. Henrietta's sister, Amelia Muir, 1848-1938, came to Alberta in 1907 to live with the Edwards. The Edwards had three children, William Muir, 1879-1918, Alice (Gardiner), 1878-1964, and Margaret (Stewart), 1888-1913. Alice married Claude Gardiner, 1870-1942, an Englishman who came to Alberta in 1894. They ran the Wineglass Ranch near Fort Macleod until 1930 when they travelled then retired to Victoria, British Columbia. Claude's mother, Laura Gardiner, 1846-1932, and his sister, Barbara Gardiner, 1874-1964, came to Alberta in 1896 to visit, and subsequently lived in Fort Macleod until returning permanently to England in 1914. The Gardiners had two children, "Gard" Gardiner, 1910-1996, and Claudia (Whipple), 1907-2000. Claudia and her husband Clifford N. Whipple, 1906-1977, had five daughters, Peggy (Bowcott), ?-2000, Mary Elizabeth (Scales later Lacerte), 1934-2010, Bonnie (Muir), Nicki (Bowcott later Edwards), 1940-2015, and Henrietta Louise (Hadfield later Wymore), 1944- .

Scope and Content:
The fonds is very rich in correspondence which details life in southern Alberta, ranching, childhood, and the relationships between family members. It consists of: Oliver's correspondence and Treaty 8 trip diary (1900); Henrietta's diaries (1864, 1867), a few speeches and writings, correspondence, and Persons Case memorabilia; Alice's correspondence, diary (1940), and wedding records; Muir's diary (1897); Margaret's correspondence (very little); Amelia's correspondence and letters to the editor; Claude's ranching diaries (1905-1927) and correspondence (1894-1919); Laura's and Barbara's correspondence; Claudia's school records, diaries (1920-1928), and correspondence; Gard's school records, diaries (1920, 1926), and Persons Case memorabilia; extensive family photographs; genealogical charts; and miscellaneous documents of various ancestors.

Source of Acquisition:
Gift of O.E.S. Gardiner and Claudia Whipple, Mary Lacerte, Nicki Edwards, Bonnie Muir, and Louise Wymore, 1972-2002.

The material is in English.

Originals and Reproductions:
Claude Gardiner's letters to his parents (1894-1896) have been published in Letters from an English Rancher / by Claude Gardiner; edited and introd. by Hugh A. Dempsey. - Calgary : Glenbow-Alberta Institute, 1988.Oliver's trip diary has been published as On the North Trail : the Treaty 8 diary of O.C. Edwards / Oliver Cromwell Edwards; edited by David Leonard and Beverly Whalen. -- Calgary : Alberta Records Publication Board [and] Historical Society of Alberta, 1999.

No restrictions on access.

Finding Aids:
Inventory available. Please consult before requesting material.

View finding aid / scanned documents:

One of Oliver's diaries is held by the British Columbia Archives and Records Service.
Ledger drawings by Assiniboine artist, Hongeeyesa, of the Jacks (Carry the Kettle) reserve, which were collected by O.C. Edwards, are in Glenbow's art collections.

Call Numbers:
(M=manuscript; N&P=photos; R=sound recordings; S=slides; F=films)
M-7283, M-8896, RCT-867, PA-2826, PA-3215, PB-689, PD-225, PD-331, PE-123, NA-677, NA-2607, NA-4035

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