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Walter Norman Smith and Amelia Turner Smith fonds

1913-1978, predominant 1913-1968

Physical Description:
2.5 m of textual records. -- 2 audio cassettes. -- 12 photographs

Walter Norman Smith, 1887-1972, was born in England. He came to Canada in 1906 and engaged in newspaper work with Winnipeg, Calgary, Edmonton and Regina newspapers. He served with the Machine Gun Corps during the First World War, and on his return worked for the Calgary Albertan, 1919-1921. He became education secretary for the United Farmers of Alberta in 1921. He was appointed editor of The UFA newspaper when it was started in 1922. He remained with The UFA until it ceased publication in 1936. From 1921 to 1935, Smith prepared much of the UFA's political literature, and in the mid-1930s he made an intense study of Social Credit philosophy. In 1936, he and his wife launched the Western Farm Leader, a bi-weekly newspaper, which they edited and published until their retirement in 1954. Amelia Turner, 1891-1982, was born in Ontario. She came to Alberta with her family in 1903 and moved to Calgary in 1913. She began work in the UFA office in 1920 and was soon transferred to The UFA where she worked from 1922 to 1936. She was a Calgary school trustee from 1926 to 1935 and held the chair in 1934. She was at the founding convention of the Cooperative Commonwealth Federation in 1932 and ran, unsuccessfully, as a CCF candidate in 1933 and 1934 provincial by-elections. She married Smith in 1937. For more details see Pat Roome's articles "Amelia Turner" in Citymakers : Calgarians after the Frontier / Max Foran and Sheilagh S. Jameson, eds. - Calgary : Historical Society of Alberta, Chinook Country Chapter, 1987 and "Amelia Turner and Calgary Labour Women, 1919-1935" in Beyond the Vote: Canadian Women and Politics/ ed. by Linda Kealey and Joan Sangster. -- Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1989, p. 89-117, reprinted in The Prairie West: Historical Readings/ ed. by R. Douglas Francis and Howard Palmer. -- Edmonton: Pica Pica Press, 1992, p. 424-449.

Scope and Content:
The fonds consists of W.N. Smith's First World War diary (1917), correspondence (1915-1967), including extensive correspondence with prominent UFA and Social Credit leaders; articles, reports, etc. re the monetary system (1915-1933); election and other papers of UFA, Social Credit and CCF, including platforms, radio broadcasts, etc. (1917-1935); reports and circulars of many agricultural associations (1920-1960); and Amelia Turner Smith's diary (1913-1917), tax returns, speeches, correspondence and campaign literature. Includes interviews with Amelia Smith (1978).
RECORDS RELATED TO THE FOLLOWING SUBJECTS ARE ALSO IN THIS FONDS. SEE INVENTORY FOR DETAILS: William Aberhart, Alberta Cooperative Livestock Producers, Alberta elections (1926, 1930, 1935), Alberta Farmers' Union, Alberta Federation of Agriculture, Alberta Institute of Agrologists, Percival Baker, Perren E. Baker, Norman Bethune, George Bevington, A.H. Brinkman, John E. Brownlee, Calgary Power Co., Calgary Prophetic Bible Institute, Donald Cameron, Annie Campbell, Canada elections (1917, 1921, 1930), Canadian Council of Agriculture, Canadian Federation of Agriculture, Canadian Labor Defence League, Canadian Labor Party, Canadian League Against War and Fascism, Canadian National Parks Association, Central Alberta Dairy Pool, George Church, Winston Churchill, M.J. Coldwell, Larkham Collins, Communist Party, George G. Coote, Maj. C.H. Douglas, Douglas Credit League of Canada, T.C. Douglas, Economic Safety League, Albert Einstein, Free Economic League of Canada, Robert Gardiner, Edward Joseph Garland, R.O. German, Ghost River, Frank S. Grisdale, Colin G. Groff, William Herridge, George Hoadley, William Robinson Howson, Bert Huffman, Col. John McKay Hughes, Harry Humble, William Irvine, Isa Johnson, T.O. King, Father Albert Lacombe, League for Economic Democracy, League for Social Reconstruction, A.J.E. Leisemer, Liberal Party, J. Russell Love, J.F. Lymburn, George MacLachlan, Ernest C. Manning, Paul Martin, Louis Normandeau, Irene Parlby, Benjamin S. Plumer, poetry, Prairie Farm Rehabilitation Administration (PFRA), Harvey S. Price, Norman F. Priestley, Lorne Proudfoot, Richard Gavin Reid, Chester Ronning, George Ross, Saskatchewan medicare, George Bernard Shaw, Joseph T. Shaw, Upton Sinclair, Spanish Civil War, Alfred Speakman, Henry E. Spencer, H.H. Stevens, Alfred Stiernotte, H.G.L. Strange, Watson Thomson, W.D. Treys, unemployed, water power, Frederick J, White, James S. Woodsworth, Workers' Unity League of Canada, and Henry Wise Wood.

Source of Acquisition:
Gifts of Amelia Smith and Frederick Turner, 1972.

The material is in English.

No restrictions on access.

Finding Aids:
Inventory available. Please consult before requesting material.

View finding aid / scanned documents:

Call Numbers:
(M=manuscript; N&P=photos; R=sound recordings; S=slides; F=films)
M-1157, M-7172, PA-2801, PB-386, NA-2465, NA-2882, NA-4833, RCT-475

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