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George and John McDougall family fonds

1841-1969, predominant 1858-1944

Physical Description:
2 m of textual records. -- 490 photographs. -- 2 postcard albums

George Millward McDougall, 1821-1876, was born in Upper Canada (Ontario). In 1842 he married Elizabeth Chantler, 1819-1904, and they had nine children, including John C. and Eliza (Hardisty). He attended Victoria College in Cobourg and was ordained a Methodist minister in 1854. In 1860 he was appointed to a mission near Norway House, Manitoba. In 1863 the family moved to a location 130 kilometres east of present day Edmonton, Alberta where he established the Victoria Mission, the earliest mission in the prairie west. In 1871 he moved to Edmonton House to found a permanent mission. At the request of the government he helped prepare the First Nations for the signing of Treaties 6 and 7. He died in a blizzard near Calgary. In 1932 the Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada designated George McDougall as a National Historic Person. For further information see J. Ernest Nix's entry, "George Millward McDougall", in the Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. X. -- Toronto : University of Toronto Press, 1972, p. 471-472. His son, John Chantler McDougall, 1842-1917, was born in Ontario and educated at Victoria College. He entered the ministry in 1866, was ordained in 1872, and established a mission among the Stoney at Morleyville in southern Alberta in 1873. In 1865 he married Abigail Steinhauer, 1848-1871, and they had three children, Flora (Begg), Ruth (Wheatley) and Augusta (Mathieson). Following Abigail's death, he married Elizabeth Boyd in 1872 and they had six children, George M., John B., Lillian (Graham), Morley S., David L. and Douglas J. He readied the First Nations of southern Alberta for the arrival of the North-West Mounted Police in 1874. After his father's death, he succeeded him as superintendent of Methodist missionary work in the Saskatchewan District. During the 1885 Riel Rebellion he accompanied the Alberta Field Force. He retired to Calgary and wrote several books about his experiences. See J. Ernest Nix's entry "John Chantler McDougall" in Dictionary of Canadian Biography, volume XIV. -- Toronto : University of Toronto Press, 1998, p. 695-697 and Will Pratt "Colonizer or Compatriot?: a reassessment of the Reverend John McDougall" in Finding Directions West: Readings that Locate and Dislocate Western Canada's Past / George Colpitts and Heather Devine, eds. Calgary. - University of Calgary Press, 2017.

Custodial History:
Some of the McDougall family papers were given to the Nickle Foundation by John B. McDougall. They were transferred to the Glenbow in 1968.

Scope and Content:
The fonds consists primarily of the papers of the Reverends George and John McDougall, related to their work as Wesleyan Methodist missionaries in Alberta. George McDougall's records consist of appointments; correspondence mainly regarding Methodist missionary work; mission administrative records including a baptism register; and a small amount of his writings and sermons. John McDougall's records consist of appointments; letters written to his wife while attending Methodist conferences and during the 1885 Riel Rebellion; official correspondence regarding his missionary work; mission administrative records including baptism and marriage registers; and his writings, sermons and talks. The fonds also contains the writings, speeches, and scrapbooks of John's wife Elizabeth, and the First World War letters of David L. McDougall. Included in the fonds are small amounts of papers for these family members: Eliza Hardisty, Augusta Mathieson, George M. McDougall (junior), John B. McDougall, Lillian E. Graham, Douglas J. McDougall, John E. Graham, and William Graham.
RECORDS RELATED TO THE FOLLOWING PEOPLE AND SUBJECTS ARE ALSO IN THIS FONDS. SEE INVENTORY FOR DETAILS: Samuel Boyd, Central Methodist (United) Church, W.J.Christie, Elkhorn Ranch, James Ferrier, 50th Battalion C.E.F., Sandford Fleming, Frog Lake, Bella Hardisty, Richard Hardisty, James Lougheed, Methodist Missionary Society, Morley, Hayter Reed, Andrew Sibbald, Southern Alberta Pioneers' and Old Timers' Association, T. Bland Strange, Alexander Sutherland, Lawrence Vankoughnet, Lachlin Taylor, Enoch Wood, Woodville Mission (Pigeon Lake), Thomas Woolsey, and George Young.

Source of Acquisition:
Purchased from Lillian Graham, and gifts of the Nickle Foundation, Richard Hardisty, Eleanor Luxton Historical Foundation, 1958-2001.

The material is predominantly in English, with a small portion in Cree (syllabics).

No restrictions on access.

Finding Aids:
Inventory available. Please consult before requesting material.

View finding aid / scanned documents:

Other McDougall family papers are held by the Provincial Archives of Alberta.

Call Numbers:
(M=manuscript; N&P=photos; R=sound recordings; S=slides; F=films)
M-729, M-9610, PA-721, PA-964, PA-1180, PA-2910, PB-210, PB-268, PB-312, PB-707, PC-85, PC-242, PD-95, PD-107, PD-233, NA-28, NA-1030, NA-1297, NA-1485, NA-1677, NA-1847, NA-1892, NA-2456

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