Canada. Department of Indian Affairs. Blood Indian Agency fonds
3.1 m of textual records
The responsibility for Indian affairs in Canada has rested with the British Government, various colonial administrations and, since Confederation, with several branches and departments of the federal government. The Department of Indian Affairs and its predecessors have been responsible for such matters as treaties, reserves, provision of education, and supervision of agriculture on reserves. For a detailed administrative history see Records Relating to Indian Affairs (RG 10) / Peter Gillis et al. - Ottawa : Public Archives of Canada, 1975.
The Blood Indian Agency, situated between Fort Macleod, Lethbridge and Cardston, Alberta in the Treaty 7 region, consisted solely of the Blood reserve. Indian agents have included Norman Thomas Macleod (1880-1881), C.E. Denny (1882-1883), W. Pocklington (1884-1891), A.G. Irvine (1892), James Wilson (1893-1903), J.W. Jowett (1904), R.N. Wilson (1905-1911), W. Julius Hyde (1912-1913), W.J. Dilworth (1914-1918?), J.E. Ostrauder (1919?-1920?), Joseph Thomas Faunt (1921-1926), J.E. Pugh (1927-1941, 1946-1947), A. McMillan (1942-1944), J.S. Pugh (1945), and R.D. Ragan (1948).
Scope and Content:
The fonds consists of correspondence (1899-1944) related to supplies, criminal and legal cases, farming, livestock and hospital; farm diaries (1904-1913); daily journal of agency clerk (1885); annuity pay lists (1887, 1900, 1905, 1907, 1919, 1920); lease payment lists (1919, 1920); list of band members (ca. 1902); and supply vouchers and invoices.
RECORDS RELATED TO THE FOLLOWING SUBJECTS ARE ALSO IN THIS FONDS. SEE INVENTORY FOR DETAILS AND FOR A MORE COMPREHENSIVE LIST: Adams Brothers Ltd., agricultural exhibitions, Alberta Penitentiary, Alberta Provincial Police, Alberta Railway and Coal Co., Alberta Railway and Irrigation Co., H.S. Allen and Co., Anglican Church (missions), Baker and Skelding, V.J. Beaupre, Big Rib, William Blackmore, "Kootenai" Brown, Thomas Brown, Brown Ranch Co., Emile Bull Shields, P. Burns and Co., Calgary Saddlery Co., Duncan Campbell, W.M. Campbell, Canadian North West Irrigation Co., Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR), Cardston Implement Co., Cardston Milling Co., Cardston Trading Co., Catholic Church (missions), Garnet W. Chambers, Charcoal, coal, Cochrane Ranche, Cockshutt Plow Co., Charles F.P. Conybeare, Continental Oil Co., M.A. Coombs, Cowdry Brothers, Clarence E. Dangerfield, John Deere Plow Co., Trenholme Dickson, W.H. Fairfield, John L. Fawcett, John H. Gooderham, A.F. Grady, Great Northern Railway, Great West Saddlery, J.C. Hargraves, Thomas Harkness, Charles Farley Harris, Joseph Hicks, horses, George Houk and Co., Hudson's Bay Company (HBC), Imperial Order Daughters of the Empire, International Harvester, William Smith Johnston, Raymond Knight, Knight Sugar Co., George Lane, William Laurie, Benjamin Lawton, Little Shields, lumber companies, J.A. Markle, John McDougall, George G. McFarquhar, Malcolm McKenzie, H.A. McKillop, Alexander G. McKinnon, McLaren Lumber Co., Macleod Agricultural Association, Macleod Farmers Elevator and Mill Ltd., Macleod Flouring Mills, Macleod Supply Co., Massey-Harris Co., Maunsell Brothers, Alfred C. Nash, New Oxley Ranch, North-West Mounted Police (NWMP, RNWMP, RCMP), Frank Pedley, petroleum industry, Reach and Co., Red Crow, Red Leggings, Reeves and Co., William Renwick, Rev. Jacques Riou, Running Crane, St. Joseph's Industrial School (Dunbow School), H.E. Sibbald, W.C. Simmons, Robert Simpson Western Ltd., smallpox, Spring Valley Ranch, W.H. Steed and Co., Stony Mountain Penitentiary, sun dance, Tom Three Persons, tuberculosis, Tudhope Anderson Co., Union Bank of Canada, Guy Weadick, Western Stock Growers Association, and First World War (enlistments).
Source of Acquisition:
Gift of Blood Indian Agency, W.L. Templeton, Mrs. Ralph Eng and Susan Bear Shin Bone, 1957-2012.
The material is in English.
No restrictions on access.
Inventory available. Please consult before requesting material.
View finding aid / scanned documents:
Other Blood Indian Agency records are held by Library and Archives Canada. Microfilm copies of some of these records are available at Glenbow. The Provincial Archives of Alberta also has some records of the Blood Indian Agency.
(M=manuscript; N&P=photos; R=sound recordings; S=slides; F=films)
M 1788, M 1789, M 1813, M 1826 files 3 - 4, M 1829, file 1, M 2785, M 4792, M-9527, BE Blood