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United Dairies Ltd. fonds


Physical Description:
62 cm of textual records. -- 34 photographs

Carlyle Dairy was established in Calgary, Alberta in 1909 by James Weldon Carlyle, 1874-1932, and Thomas Morton Carlyle, 1880-1945. The Carlyles had come to Alberta from Dunbar, Ontario where they were also engaged in dairying. In 1913 a branch was established in Medicine Hat, in 1914 at Lethbridge and in 1917 at Didsbury. In 1919 a branch of Lethbridge was set up at Cranbrook, British Columbia and in 1924 a butter making operation at Fort Macleod. In 1917, in response to government prompting, the Carlyle's joined operations with Palleson Dairy, Hays Dairy, Drake Dairy, Derby Dairy and Leacock Dairy to form Union Milk Company (wholesale and retail milk), Crystal Dairy (ice cream) and Central Creameries (butter manufacturing). During the 1920s the company established other creameries in Alberta, but these were later sold except for Lethbridge, Medicine Hat, Red Deer, Fort Macleod and Lethbridge. A new holding company was established in 1923 called United Dairies Ltd. In 1930 a large addition was made to the Calgary plant and the Producers and Consumers Milk Company of Calgary was acquired. In 1931 the company purchased Jersey Farms of Vancouver, and later acquired Mission Farm Products Ltd. of Mission City, and Northwestern Creamery in Victoria. J.W. Carlyle was president until his death, followed by T.M. Carlyle, then by his eldest son Grant Morton Carlyle. In 1966 the company was sold to Silverwood Dairies Ltd. For further information see The Business of Butter / Vancouver : Echo Memoirs, 2006; and Henry Klassen's article "Prairie City Commerce" in Citymakers : Calgarians after the Frontier. --Calgary : Chinook Country Historical Society, 1987, p. 310-313.

Custodial History:
These records were kept by Grant Carlyle after the sale of the company in 1966 and on his death were passed to his brother Allan Carlyle.

Scope and Content:
The fonds consists of financial records, correspondence, minutes, reports and photographs relating to The Carlyle Dairy Company, Crystal Dairies, Union Milk, United Dairies Jersey Farms and Velvet Ice Cream. Also includes correspondence relating to Dairy Corporation of Canada and historical information on the Carlyle family and the dairy business.

Source of Acquisition:
Gift of Allan Carlyle, 2006-2007, and Marion Wooden, 2008.

The material is in English.

No restrictions on access.

Finding Aids:
Inventory available. Please consult before requesting material.

View finding aid / scanned documents:

Further additions expected.

Call Numbers:
(M=manuscript; N&P=photos; R=sound recordings; S=slides; F=films)
M-9179, M-9292, PA-3706, PB-935, PE-206

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