Traill family fonds
1859-1976, predominant 1859-1914
50 cm of textual records. -- 172 photographs. -- 2 sound recordings
William Edward Traill, 1844-1917, was born in Ontario, the son of Thomas and Catherine Parr Traill. He joined the Hudson's Bay Company in 1864, became a junior trader in 1878, and chief trader in 1883. In 1869, he married Harriet McKay, 1847-1920, eldest daughter of Chief Trader William McKay. They had twelve children, nine of whom lived. He served with the HBC at Fort Ellice, Egg Lake, Fort Pitt, Carlton House, Lac La Biche, Lesser Slave Lake, Fort Vermilion and Fort St. James. In 1893, he left the HBC to farm near Prince Albert, Saskatchewan. His brother, Walter J.S. Traill, 1847-1932, joined the HBC in 1866. He served in the Swan River district and at various USA posts before resigning in 1878. In 1881, he married Mary Gilbert, a widow with two children. He subsequently farmed near Pembina, then in Kalispell, Montana and finally in the Okanagan, British Columbia. Mary Traill, 1883-1984, the daughter of William E. Traill, was born in Lesser Slave Lake. She was a trained nurse, and ran a nursing home in Meskanaw, Saskatchewan for many years.
Scope and Content:
The fonds consists of photocopies of: William's correspondence (1863-1893), HBC records (1886-1892), land documents, financial records (1864-1912) and reminiscences (1911); Harriet's diaries (1889-1893); and Walter's correspondence (1866-1914). Includes two recorded interviews with Mary Traill (1970s) and extensive family photographs.
RECORDS RELATED TO THE FOLLOWING SUBJECTS ARE ALSO IN THIS FONDS. SEE INVENTORY FOR DETAILS: buffalo, Robert Campbell, Chinese, William Christie, George Armstrong Custer, Fenian raids, fishing, Fort Chipewyan, Fort Defiance, Fort Garry, Fort St. James, Fort Vermilion, gold mines and mining, grasshoppers, Gavin Hamilton, Jack Ingraham, Norman Kittson, Roderick McBeath, Donald A. Macdonald, Roderick MacFarlane, William McKay, Metis, Mormons, John Norquay, North West Company, pemmican, poetry, Red River Settlement, Louis Riel, Riel Rebellions, Saulteaux, Sioux, smallpox, Donald A. Smith, Rev. Henry Bird Steinhauer, Joseph Wrigley, and Bishop Richard Young.
Source of Acquisition:
Gifts of T.R. McCloy, A.P. Drever, and C.H. West, 1957-1988.
The material is in English.
Originals and Reproductions:
The original textual records are held by the British Columbia Archives and Records Service, Library and Archives Canada and the Hudson's Bay Company Archives.
Many of the Willie Traill letters are published in Fur Trade Letters of Willie Traill, 1864-1893
No restrictions on access.
Inventory available. Please consult before requesting material.
View finding aid / scanned documents:
Other Traill family papers are in the Pat McCloy Genealogical Collection, at Glenbow; and at the Saskatchewan Archives Board..
Further additions expected.
(M=manuscript; N&P=photos; R=sound recordings; S=slides; F=films)
M-1241, M-1242, M-1243, M-1529, M-3290, M-4624, M-7818, PA-498, PA-1540, PB-33, PD-232, NA-50, NA-80, NA-741-5, NA-1010, NA-2617-77, RCT-247, RCT-204