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Louise Crummy McKinney fonds

1895-1988, predominant 1895-1965

Physical Description:
6 cm of textual records. -- 219 photographs

Louise Cinthia Crummy, 1868-1931, was born in Ontario. She graduated from the Ottawa Normal School in 1886, and taught in schools near the family farm for six years. In 1892 she moved to North Dakota, USA. Here she continued to teach, became involved in the Woman's Christian Temperance Union, and met James McKinney, a farmer. Louise and James married in 1896. They had one son, Willard. The McKinneys moved to Claresholm, Alberta in 1903, and remained there for the rest of their lives. Louise immediately organized the WCTU, a group which promoted prohibition. She was provincial president, 1908-1931, and vice-president of the Dominion WCTU, 1909-1931. She successfully ran as a Non-Partisan League candidate in 1917 provincial election and sat in the Legislature until 1920. She was the first woman elected to a Canadian legislative body. In 1929 she was one of Alberta's "Famous Five" (Famous 5) who led the movement to have women recognized as persons. In 1939 the Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada designated McKinney as a National Historic Person. For further information see Nancy M. Sheehan's article, "Achieving Personhood : Louise McKinney and the WCTU in Alberta" in Resources for Feminist Research. -- Fall 1980, p. 105-108; Anne White's article, "Louise Crummy McKinney (1868-1931) : A Window into Western Canadian Christianity", in Canadian Society of Church History, Historical Papers, 2000, p. 131-143; and Eliane Leslau Silverman "Louise McKinney", Canadian Encyclopedia [online].

Scope and Content:
The fonds consists of Louise McKinney's correspondence, articles, speech, programs and newsclippings; sympathy letters to James McKinney on his wife's death; Willard McKinney's correspondence and newsclippings about his mother; family photographs; and speeches by Marjorie McKinney and Kendal McKinney re the Famous Five (Persons Case).

Source of Acquisition:
Gifts of J. Willard McKinney, Norman McKinney and Marjorie McKinney, 1963-2003.

The material is in English.

No restrictions on access.

Finding Aids:
Inventory available. Please consult before requesting material.

View finding aid / scanned documents:

Call Numbers:
(M=manuscript; N&P=photos; R=sound recordings; S=slides; F=films)
M-4069, M-8138, PA-722, PA-3248, PB-790, PD-272, PE-155, NA-825, NA-5395

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