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J. Douglas Leechman fonds

1858-1956, predominant 1924-1956

Physical Description:
2.37 m of textual records. -- 155 photographs

John Douglas Leechman, 1890-1980, was born in England, and was educated in England, Egypt and Switzerland before coming to Canada. He served with the 11th Canadian Mounted Rifles during First World War. He studied at the Universities of Washington and Ottawa, obtaining his PhD from the latter in 1941. He was an anthropologist at the National Museum of Canada in Ottawa from 1924 to 1955, during which time he made several research trips to the Arctic and the prairies. In 1928 he married Ruth-Marie d'Aoust. He edited The Canadian Field-Naturalist, 1928-1938. He was the first director of the Glenbow Foundation, 1955-1957, before retiring to Victoria. For further information see Ian Dyck's article, "Toward a History of Archaeology in the National Museum of Canada : The Contributions of Harlan I. Smith and Douglas Leechman" in Bringing Back the Past : Historical Perspectives on Canadian Archaeology / Pamela Jane Smith and Donald Mitchell, eds. -- Ottawa, Canadian Museum of Civilization, 1998.

Custodial History:
The Glenbow Library had custody of the subject files until they were transferred to the Archives in 1974.

Scope and Content:
The fonds consists of alphabetically arranged subject files created while anthropologist at the National Museum. These contain Leechman's correspondence, articles and research notes on various native peoples topics; articles and reports collected for reference purposes; and circulars, convention proceedings, etc., of organizations to which he belonged. Includes photographs of British Columbia and Yukon native peoples, native villages and petroglyphs.

Source of Acquisition:
Gift of Douglas Leechman, 1955-1962.

The material is in English.

No restrictions on access.

Finding Aids:
Inventory available. Please consult before requesting material.

View finding aid / scanned documents:

Other J. Douglas Leechman papers are held by the British Columbia Archives and Records Service, and the Canadian Museum of Civilization Library.

Call Numbers:
(M=manuscript; N&P=photos; R=sound recordings; S=slides; F=films)
M-668, M-2086, M-2513, PA-21, PA-26, PA-55, PA-337, PB-22, NA-6, NA-37, NA-87, NA-191, NB-2, NF-3

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