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Alberta Provincial Woman's Christian Temperance Union fonds


Physical Description:
2.18 m of textual records. -- 62 photographs

The Woman's Christian Temperance Union (often mistakenly called the Women's Christian Temperance Union) was first organized in Canada at Owen Sound, Ontario in 1874. Its primary purpose was to obtain prohibition, but it has worked in close and effective cooperation with other social service groups. In 1886 Mrs. Letitia Youmans visited western Canada and organized Unions at Morley, Calgary and Regina. By 1893 there was also a an Edmonton Union. The movement, however, did not become widespread until the territorial organization came under the leadership of Mrs. S.J. Craig (of Olds) and Mrs. Louise McKinney (of Nanton) in 1904. When Alberta and Saskatchewan became provinces in 1905 the work of the WCTU was carried on under joint leadership. In 1912, however, separate provincial organizations were created, including the Alberta Provincial Woman's Christian Temperance Union. In the past WCTU has worked for temperance, women's franchise, women's dower rights, minimum wages and mothers' allowances. In more recent years, despite declining memberships, it has been involved in anti-smoking and anti-pornography campaigns, and peace promotions.

Custodial History:
The records pertaining to Mrs. McElroy and the Hillhurst branch were rescued by Mrs. H.A. Wright from a house being demolished in Calgary.

Scope and Content:
The fonds consists of constitution, minutes (1913-1976); annual reports (1961-1981); directories of officers (1904-1981); convention programs and proceedings (1904-1981); financial records (1932-1958); scrapbooks and newspaper clippings (1920s-1970s); records of the Calgary, Central and Edmonton Districts of the provincial organization (1893-1896, 1913-1973); files related to temperance activities including Little White Ribboners, ASM School of Narcotic Education, members' pledge cards, essay and poster contests for school children, etc. (1894-1972); temperance leaflets and posters (1909-1963); and photographs of WCTU officers, members and activities (1905-1981). Includes minute books, historical sketches, etc. (1904-1974) of these locals: Calgary East End, Calgary North Hill, Calgary Hillhurst, Camrose, Clive, Didsbury, Edmonton Central, Edmonton Strathcona, Edmonton Victoria, Hanna, Lacombe, Leslieville, Medicine Hat, Nanton, Ponoka, Red Deer, Three Hills and Wetaskiwin.

Source of Acquisition:
Gifts of Alberta Provincial WCTU, Mrs. H.A. Wright, Tom Williams, and Miss Hubbert, 1966-1983.

The material is in English.

No restrictions on access.

Finding Aids:
Inventory available. Please consult before requesting material.

View finding aid / scanned documents:

Call Numbers:
(M=manuscript; N&P=photos; R=sound recordings; S=slides; F=films)
M-1708, PA-912, PA-1184, PA-2591, NA-1399, NA-2473, Microfilm-WCTU

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